Details of exterior features
Exterior traits
Formosan Mountain Dogs and foreign dogs don't look alike. Their bodies, hair, heads, ears, eyes, tails, toes, and necks are all suitable to be running around cliffs and in mountains, through bushes and forests. Their faces show an indescribable seriousness, intelligence, and 'indigenousness'.

Head
../image/headhtlin.jpg (10534 bytes)Taiya Dog
Parietal bone round and slightly long, with forehead and groove, forehead to back of eyes has a Y-shaped ridge bone, adequate cheeks, long nose, tightly closed lips, narrow snout, sheep-like long face

../image/headshfon1.jpg (4966 bytes)Bunon Dog
Parietal bone wide and round, bulged and wide forehead, prominent
forehead with deep groove, shorter snout, loosely closed lips, back of
head distinguished and round, large head, full cheeks, very beautiful

../image/head2.jpg (3206 bytes)Plain Dog
Parietal bone wide and round, bulged and wide forehead with deep groove, snout between Taiya and Bunon Dogs with adequate length, tightly closed lips, large head, full and even cheeks, very stylish


Ears
../image/headhtlin.jpg (10534 bytes)Taiya Dog
Upright and thin, slightly wide and long, hairless inside, tips unsplit and
not turned out, arched edge, widely apart, pointing slightly forward like
antennas, large turning circle, move easily up and down and to different
directions, can be folded flat against the head

../image/headshfon1.jpg (4966 bytes)Bunon Dog
Upright and thin, slightly wide but small, hairless inside, tips unsplit and
not turned out, flat, arched edge, widely apart, pointing slightly forward like antennas, large turning circle, move easily up and down and to different
directions

../image/head2.jpg (3206 bytes)Plain Dog
Upright and thin, slightly wide but small, hairless inside, tips unsplit and
not turned out, flat, arched edge, widely apart, pointing slightly forward like antennas, large turning circle, move easily up and down and to different
directions


Eyes
Most common eye colors are tan and brown, and circles in the iris should be avoided (like fowls).

../image/headhtlin.jpg (10534 bytes)Taiya Dog
Gaze untamed and alert, round but small eye balls

../image/sy12s.jpg (6033 bytes)Bunon dog
Gaze alert and mystifying, big and slightly bulged eye balls

../image/head2.jpg (3206 bytes)Plain Dog
Gaze tough and serious, round but small eye balls


Nose
../image/head2.jpg (3206 bytes)
Black, small and short Bunon and Plain Dogs have larger nosed than
Taiya Dogs thin nasal membrane, large nostrils, the rougher texture the better


Jaw
../image/nose.jpg (4526 bytes)
Teeth as long hooks, hard molars, white teeth, strong bite slightly open at the corners, dark or spotted gum, tongue with or without marks on both the front or back surface both acceptable (chances are half and half), tip of tongue thin and does not drool while base of tongue wide and thick


Neck
../image/mad4a.jpg (7197 bytes)
Natural pose with neck leaning forward, level with the back when strolling forward, neck too close to chest, front limbs perpendicular or too close together should be avoided

Taiya Dog: Thin and long neck
Bunon Dog: Thick and short neck, not wider than face
Plain Dog: adequate neck, between Taiya and Bunon Dogs


Front limbs
../image/fotohtlin.jpg (49603 bytes)Taiya Dog
delicate and long, parallel and straight, strong and firm, prominent toes and joints, two center toes longer than others, toes small, closed together and slightly long, thick communal pad.

../image/shfon.jpg (6595 bytes)Bunon Dog
Strong and well developed, straight and parallel, thick bones, prominent toes and joints, two center toes longer than others, toes closed together and slightly long, thick communal pad.

../image/swfonfoto2.jpg (20824 bytes)Plain Dog
Long, parallel and straight, strong bones, toes of similar lengths and round,
thick communal pad, toes slightly bigger than Taiya Dog
's


Body  
../image/fotohtlin.jpg (49603 bytes)Taiya Dog
Firm and light, slim and angular, chest not too wide, chest not as deep
as elbow and not bulged, chest to waist to abdomen diagonally upward,
straight and flat back, male shoulder height about 50cm, female about 40cm.

../image/shfon.jpg (6595 bytes)Bunon Dog
Strong and sturdy, wide chest, short waist, slightly bulged chest, well
developed trapezius muscle, chest not as deep as elbow, back curved
slightly inward, hip arched upward, shoulder height not as tall as
Taiya or Plain Dog

../image/wf.jpg (18131 bytes)Plain Dog
Strong and firm, adequate chest width, slightly angular built, chest not
as deep as elbow, chest to waist to abdomen diagonally upward, back to
hip slightly curved, male shoulder height about 50 cm, female about 40 cm


Back limbs
../image/fotohtlin.jpg (49603 bytes)Taiya Dog
Strong muscles on hind legs, parallel, slim and straight, slightly bent tarsus, delicate yet hard bones, well developed toes, prominent joints, two center toes longer than the others, toes small, closed together and slightly long, communal pad as thick as a ball, thicker than front toes

../image/shfon.jpg (6595 bytes)Bunon Dog
Strong muscles on thick hind legs, legs apart, parallel and straight, slightly
bent tarsus, well developed toes, prominant joints, two center toes longer than the others, toes small, closed together and slightly long, toes tight together and slightly long, small than front toes

../image/swufon6.jpg (17837 bytes)Plain Dog
Strong muscles on hind legs, delicate, parallel and straight, tarsus less bent, toes tight together, thick communal pads, oval toes smaller than front toes


Tail
../image/mad4a.jpg (7197 bytes)
Agile root, thick base at the end of the back ridge, thick fur, upright tail or curved tail like a scythe, tail length not to exceed the tarsus, fine fur, thin tail, low base, not to be rigid



Fur

../image/swfonfoto1.jpg (19514 bytes)
Unlimited color, possessing traditional characteristics, steely yet soft, long coarse hair on back, slightly long, double-layer fur on body, less hair at the waist

Taiya Dog: Thick and rich hair, smooth and shiny
Bunon Dog: A lot of coarse fur and not so much downy fur, less than
others, smooth and shiny
Plain Dog: Thick and rich, dry and rough feeling, less than others, smooth and shiny


Voice
../image/swfonfoto2.jpg (20824 bytes)
Taiya Dog has the highest pitch than Bunon and Plain Dog.


../image/jumpdog.jpg (6978 bytes)Strites
Taiya Dog: Light-footed, fast, sharp turns, suitable for long-distance activities, good endurance, exceptional sprint and jump, suitable for cliff climbing

Bunon Dog: Sure-footed, suitable for long-distance activities, fine jump, sharp high-speed turns, suitable for cliff climbing, exceptional sprint, forceful pull

Plain Dog: Light-footed, fast on level ground, agile, good short-distance sprinter

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